Degradation Behaviour of Arrowroot Fibre (Maranta Arundinacea) Reinforced Arrowroot Starch Biocomposite Films

Authors

  • J. Tarique Advanced Engineering Materials and composites Research Centre (AEMC), Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • S.M. Sapuan Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forest and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • E.S. Zainudin Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forest and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • A. Khalina Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • R.A. Ilyas School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/jrnn.5.1.98102

Keywords:

Arrowroot fibre, Arrowroot starch, Biocomposite films, Biodegradation behaviour, Soil burial

Abstract

This research is being driven by environmental legislation that requires the consumption and usage of environmentally friendly products. The focus of this research is to develop and characterize thermoplastic arrowroot starch (TPAS) based biocomposite films incorporating arrowroot fibre (AF) at various compositions (0–10 wt.%) using the solution casting method. The biodegradation behaviour of newly developed composite films was examined. The average degradation rates of TPAS and TPAS/AF–10 films were 8 and 9.84%/day, respectively. The soil burial results revealed that the weight loss of TPAS/AF biocomposite films was higher compared to TPAS film. The biocomposite films revealed arrowroot fibre, a novel waste resource that is both eco-friendly and simple to produce. Overall, incorporating arrowroot fibre with TPAS film improves biodegradability, making them more suitable for environmentally friendly food packaging.

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Published

2022-04-18

How to Cite

J. Tarique, S.M. Sapuan, E.S. Zainudin, A. Khalina, & R.A. Ilyas. (2022). Degradation Behaviour of Arrowroot Fibre (Maranta Arundinacea) Reinforced Arrowroot Starch Biocomposite Films . Journal of Research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 5(1), 98–102. https://doi.org/10.37934/jrnn.5.1.98102

Issue

Section

Research papers