Ethics and Malpractice


Akademia Baru Publishing (Akademia Baru) is committed to meeting and upholding the highest standards of publication ethics, whereas all possible measures strictly prohibit publication malpractice. Our responsibility is to publish original work of value to the intellectual community in the best possible form and to the highest possible standards. We expect similar standards from our reviewers and authors. Honesty, originality and fair dealing on the part of authors, and fairness, objectivity and confidentiality on the part of editors and reviewers are among the critical values that enable us to achieve our goal. We endorse and behave by the codes of conduct and international standards established by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Hence, Authors, Reviewers and Editors must conform to ethical guidelines and standards. Below is a summary of our key expectations of editors, peer-reviewers, and authors.

Author’s Responsibilities

Reporting Standards
Authors should report their results clearly and honestly without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation. Authors should provide sufficient details on the method and references to allow others to replicate the work.

Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should adhere to publication requirements that the submitted work is original, is not plagiarized, and has not been published elsewhere. If the authors have used the work and words of others, this must be appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
Authors should not generally publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals concurrently constitutes unacceptable publishing behaviour.

Acknowledgement of Sources
All authors should disclose the funding sources for the research reported in the manuscript.

Authorship of the Paper
Authors should ensure that authorship is limited to those who have contributed significantly to the research works and reporting. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project should be acknowledged.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their published work, the author must promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Reviewer’s Responsibilities

Peer Review Policy
The editor reviews each paper, and if judged suitable for this publication, it is then sent to two referees for double-blind peer review. Decisions regarding the publication of a manuscript will be based on the Board’s recommendations. Manuscripts submitted by the journal’s Editorial Board members are subjected to the same review procedure.

Contribution to Editorial Decision
The journal’s reviewers assist the editors in making editorial decisions, and through editorial communications; the reviewers assist the authors in improving the manuscript.

Any selected referee who feels inadequately qualified to review the assigned manuscript or knows its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse themself from the review process.

Reviewers must treat the received manuscript as a confidential document. The manuscript must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

Standards of Objectivity
Reviewers should express their views objectively and clearly with supporting arguments. There shall be no personal criticism of the author.

Acknowledgement of Source
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that the authors have not cited. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. Reviewers should also notify the editor if there is any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper they know about.

Editor’s Responsibilities

The Editors must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. 

Fair play and editorial independence
The Editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. Editors evaluate submitted manuscripts exclusively based on their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and their relevance to the journal’s scope, without regard to the author’s race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. The editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts being considered for publication to undergo peer review by at least two reviewers who are experts in the field.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript in their research without the author’s express written consent.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations
The Editors should guard the integrity of the published record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct.

Editorial Board Responsibilities

  • The Editorial Board must keep information about submitted manuscripts confidential.
  • The Editors may discuss with other editors or reviewers in making decisions.
  • The Editorial Board must disclose any conflicts of interest.
  • The Editorial Board must evaluate manuscripts only for their intellectual content.
  • The Editorial Board is responsible for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts.

Copyright and Licensing
Beginning in 2021, Progress in Energy and Environment is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.