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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • All the information of co-authors must be included in the submission portal. There will be no more changes on the details of the authors upon submission.
  • A graphical abstract has been prepared for submission.
  • Where available, URLs or DOIs for all the references have been provided.
  • All the figures have acceptable resolution while all the tables provided must be editable.
  • Please suggest two potential reviewers (name, affiliation and e-mail address) for the article in Cover Letter and/or "Comments for the editor".
  • Where available, provide ORCID iD for all the authors during the submission of metadata. The corresponding author must have an ORCID iD. If corresponding author do not have an ORCID iD, kindly register an account at

Author Guidelines

Please refer to the Author Guidelines at information of authors for detailed guidance.

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